More economic freedom, increased cultural recognition and a return to the autonomy statute of 2006 would likely satisfy the desires of the majority of anti- and pro-independence supporters alike. The right to national self-determination is a cornerstone of international law. Its capital is Barcelona, ​​and it is also the 6th most populated territory in the European Union. Spain is becoming a rogue State for the sake of denying its national minorities the exercise of their right to self-determination. This repression has included the criminalization of dissidence, censorship in media and internet, lawfare, police brutality, the disqualification of democratically elected public officials, as well as the jailing of political representatives and civil society leaders, including Ms Carme Forcadell and Mr Jordi Sànchez, the former Presidents of the organization I represent. Nevertheless, the Spanish government and courts have been qualifying a Catalan referendum as illegal and unconstitutional, although this is just a masquerade to deny the fundamental rights of a national minority, while conducting a systematic campaign of repression against its members. Catalonia officials say … Constitutional Court Ruling 137/2010, of the 16th December, on the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia (BOE no. The region was granted a degree of autonomy once more in 1977, when democracy returned to the country. Plans to let the people of the eastern region break away from Spain has led to months of constitutional debate. Catalonia formally declared its independence from Spain on Friday (Oct. 27) and the central government in Madrid hit back within hours, stripping the region of all its autonomy. image caption Catalonia's future is uncertain, with the region divided over independence Until recently, Barcelona was a city best known for its football, architecture, climate, and culture. It’s in part due to the Barcelona native that we have foams, vapors, sands, and bursting pearls on our plates today. Sources: Encyclopaedia Britannica, The Atlantic. CATALONIA'S quest for independence from Spain could spark a domino effect plunging the European Union into crisis as a map reveals the other regions across the continent desperate for autonomy. Debating Period. Notwithstanding, the Spanish authorities have not complied with international law, nor with the recommendations of international organizations, nor by ceasing the violations of human rights. Catalonia is a region located in the northeast of Spain, on the border of France and Andorra. Enjoy! CATALONIA IS NOT SPAIN. This day has become the national holiday of Catalonia since 1886. In the late-1930s, dictator Francisco Franco cracked down on Catalan autonomy and banned the Catalan language. All things considered, the democratic and rights-based approach must, therefore, be to protect and arguably to strengthen, Catalan autonomy within Spain rather than to seek an acrimonious divorce. Independence would not make it more free. One of the key figures in Catalonian Modernism, architect Antoni Gaudí, born in 1852, put Catalonia on the map, transforming Barcelona into a capital of architectural inspiration, and massively influencing generations of designers and artists. For all these reasons I believe that the Catalans, a people that has always expressed itself through peaceful means, has the right to decide its political future in a free and democratic manner. Gaudí’s biographer Gijs van Hensbergen told 60 Minutes this year that what made Gaudi unique was how he saw space. Since then, tensions between Catalonia and Spain have continued to grow and the Spanish authorities are trying to prevent the vote from taking place. The political confrontation between the Spanish and Catalan institutions has now reached the international arena, especially the debates concerning international recognition of a new Catalan state and its membership of the European Union (EU) and … independence that would be granted to Catalonia, despite the opposition of ERC, which favoured full independence, and the PP, which claimed that the statute violated the Constitution. Catalonia is a region of northeastern Spain: it's home to Barcelona, 7.5 million people, and a proud tradition of independence dating back nearly 1,000 years.Although officially part of Spain since the state was created, the region has its own language and cultural identity. The Refurmdum was passed in 2017, there is no need for another one. The region enjoyed great autonomy until General Franco’s regime, during which its sovereignty was ruthlessly and repeatedly violated. Economic development has favored the cultural renewal of Catalonia and a return of linguistic and nationalist demands. In September 2015, the legislative elections in Catalonia ended with a pro-independence majority in power. Carles Puigdemont, who promised to organize a referendum on the independence of the region, was elected president of the Generalitat of Catalonia in January 2016. Google Search. Furthermore, during the last decade Catalan people and institutions have been suffering the consequences of centralizing policies by the Spanish state, which tries to assimilate both our culture and language while absorbing all economic and political power. On October 1, 2017, Catalonia voted in a referendum to declare its independence. ... Catalonia deserves the independence. The pro-autonomy Convergence and Union party was founded the following year, and it served as the dominant political force in Catalonia over subsequent decades. Voting Period. Add to My Favorites Report this Debate … Europe Catalonia's independence movement — a brief history The desire of many Catalans to gain independence from Spain has a long history. Following these events, 10,000 Catalans expressed their dissatisfaction in front of the European Parliament, during the constitutive plenary session on July 2. Start a New Debate. A hot topic of the 2020 US elections, student debt is an issue for many Americans. The effects of the ruling are indicated in this document as follows: Catalonia is one of Spain's most prosperous regions and already has a high degree of autonomy. In the late 15th century, Aragon united by marriage with the Crown of Castile to form what would later become Kingdom of Spain. Your email address will not be published. Just 6.5% of people surveyed answered that Catalonia has “too much autonomy.” At Sunday’s repeat general election , the pro-independence parties (the Catalan Republican Left, Together for Catalonia and the far-left CUP) secured 42.59% of the vote in the region, while those groups that are against secession picked up 39.85%. (The BBC has a handy timeline, dating back to the 9th century). But there is no international legal right to secede. While the Catalan Parliament voted Spain’s declaration of independence, the Spanish Senate jointly granted extraordinary powers over Catalonia to the President of the Spanish government, Mariano Rajoy. Should student debt be cancelled in the United States. Prime minister Mariano Rajoy triggered the never-before-used Article 155 of Spain’s constitution and, early Saturday local time, sacked the whole Catalan government and its regional police leaders, and called for fresh local elections. As this decision changed considerably the status of the region, it spurred the Catalan people’s unrest. At The Rift, we believe in people, in individuals. In May 2019, Carles Puigdemont, still sued in Spain and a refugee in Belgium, was elected representative in the European Parliament. The Court curtailed 27 and stuck down 14 articles of the Statute and declared the reference to ‘nation’ as having no legal effect, which caused immediate reactions in the region. Today, it is strongly tied to a sense of national identity and pride. There is little or no support in Spain for Catalan independence. News Spain: Sanchez, Casado clash on Catalonia during TV debate. This will be discussed in more detail in the background section. Europe has undergone various nation-state realignments since the end of the Cold War. Catalonia's pro-independence leaders then went ahead with a full referendum on 1 October 2017, which was also declared illegal by Spain's constitutional court. In a heated debate on RT, former pro-independence Catalan MP Carles Prats challenged the pro-unionist political scientist Ruben Tamboleo over the validity of Catalonia's proclaimed split from Madrid, who in turn, stripped the region of its autonomy. The Catalan independence referendum of 2017, also known by the numeronym 1-O (for "1 October") in Spanish media, was an independence referendum held on 1 October 2017 in the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia, passed by the Parliament of Catalonia as the Law on the Referendum on Self-determination of Catalonia and called by the Generalitat de Catalunya. The establishment of democratic rule in Spain after Franco’s death did not lessen Catalonia’s desire for autonomy, and in September 1977 limited autonomy was granted to the region. 16, of 19.01.2011). This region gathers 15% of the Spanish population and concentrates 20% of the GDP. The costs of going it alone, at least in the short term, would also be considerable for both Spain and Catalonia. The regional government already has a measure of self-determination that has been reasonably successful, even after the sometimes brutal att… Calls for complete independence grew steadily until July 2010, when the Constitutional Court in Madrid overruled part of the 2006 autonomy statute, stating that there is no legal basis for recognising Catalonia as a nation within Spain. Its levels of autonomy - like those of other Spanish regions - have varied over time.During the 20th century dictatorship of General Franco, the culture, language and identity of Cat… After much debate between Catalan leaders and the government of Spain a statute of autonomy was agreed to in 1979. These movements resurfaced in the 19th century as the region was experiencing strong industrialization. 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