The Medici is a series about the well-known Florentine family with the same name during the early Renaissance period. Groomed for greatness, Lorenzo the Magnificent was one of the more influential members of the Medici (when you say “the Medici,” you’re referring to the family as a whole so saying “the Medici family” is redundant), arguably the most powerful family of the Italian Renaissance. Lorenzo married Clarice Orsini by proxy on 7 February 1469. Innocent VIII was anything but Pope Innocent VIII (papacy: 1484-1492) Janet Ross. For these reasons, Lorenzo was the subject of the Pazzi conspiracy (1478), in which his brother Giuliano was assassinated. My Thoughts on the Decree on Ecumenism Essay 1368 Words | 6 Pages. [17], Lorenzo, like his grandfather, father, and son, ruled Florence indirectly through surrogates in the city councils by means of payoffs and strategic marriages. In his poetry, he celebrates life while acknowledging with melancholy the fragility and instability of the human condition, particularly in his later works. a Spaniard Pope. Find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises. Using his influence to provide for […] Assumed chief political power at age of twenty-one, upon the occasion of the death of his father, Piero, and ruled until his death in 1492. The same year, 1493. [5] On the foreign policy front, Lorenzo manifested a clear plan to stem the territorial ambitions of Pope Sixtus IV, in the name of the balance of the Italian League of 1454. [6], Lorenzo, considered the most promising of the five children of Piero and Lucrezia, was tutored by a diplomat and bishop, Gentile de' Becchi, and the humanist philosopher Marsilio Ficino,[8] and he was trained in Greek by John Argyropoulos. Pope Innocent VIII (Latin: Innocentius VIII; 1432 – 25 July 1492), born Giovanni Battista Cybo (or Cibo), was Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. Pope Leo X (11 December 1475 – 1 December 1521), born Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici, was Pope from 9 March 1513 to his death in 1521. [15] Even Lorenzo's close friend Niccolo Valori described him as homely, saying, "nature had been a stepmother to him in regards to his personal appearance, although she had acted as a loving mother in all things concocted with the mind. Basilica of Santa Maria in Domnica. Lorenzo's mother, Lucrezia Tornabuoni, was a writer of sonnets and a friend to poets and philosophers of the Medici Academy. [20], On Sunday, 26 April 1478, in an incident known as the Pazzi conspiracy, a group headed by Girolamo Riario, Francesco de' Pazzi, and Francesco Salviati (the archbishop of Pisa), attacked Lorenzo and his brother and co-ruler Giuliano in the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore in an attempt to seize control of the Florentine government. Obtained from Pope Innocent VIII. But Alexander VI was a Borgia before he was a pope, so his turn in the cassock was always going to be debauched. With Daniel Sharman, Francesco Montanari, Alessandra Mastronardi, Johnny Harris. A mysterious inscription on his tomb in Saint Peter in Rome states: “Nel tempo del suo Pontificato, la gloria della scoperta di un nuovo mondo” (transl. I endeavoured to find out where the story originated. insisted on entering Florence with his intimidating army. Innocent VIII, given name Giovanni Battista Cibo, Roman Catholic Pope from the 29th of August 1484 to the 25th of July 1492, successor of Pope Sixtus IV, was born at Genoa (1432), the son of Arano Cibo, who under Calixtus III had been a senator of Rome. Innocent VIII is not so innocent. As a cardinal, he was known for his veracious sexual. Innocent had two illegitimate children born before he entered the clergy "towards whom his nepotism had been as lavish as it was shameless" In 1487 he married his elder son Franceschetto Cybo (d. 1519) to Maddalena de' Medici (1473–1528), the daughter of Lorenzo de' Medici, who in return obtained the cardinal's hat for his thirteen-year-old son Giovanni, later Pope Leo X. He was the couple’s fourth surviving child, Lucrezia had been born in 1470, Piero in 1472 and Maddelena in 1473. Witnessing the right opportunity to seize power for to survive, Lorenzo and Clarice embark on the journey where they would discover the darkest aspects of the pious papacy, when Lorenzo eventually obtains for what he has thrived so far. [42], Italian statesman and de facto dictator of the Florentine Republic, Paintings by Botticelli that use the Medici family as models. With Daniel Sharman, Francesco Montanari, Alessandra Mastronardi, Johnny Harris. appetite, and was particularly interested in children. Pre-Ecclesiastic Period. [39], Lorenzo was buried with his brother Giuliano in the Church of San Lorenzo in the red porphyry sarcophagus designed for Piero and Giovanni de' Medici, not, as might be expected, in the New Sacristy, designed by Michelangelo. Mai 1478 in Florenz; 25. HIST255 - Week 8 Lecture (2) - Pope Leo X, Rome, Castiglione, Cellini & the Sack.docx, Hist 255(7)The State-Florence,Milan,Venice-Lecture-Outline.doc, New York City College of Technology, CUNY, Eberhardt_[orig]_Cath_Hist_vol-2_searchable.pdf, INTI International College Subang • HISTORY HIS109S, New York City College of Technology, CUNY • HISTORY 102, University of California, Los Angeles • ITALIAN 42A, University of California, Los Angeles • COM SCI 118. Clemens VII. Pope Innocent VIII. Innocent VIII Was the First Pope to Acknowledge His Illegitimate Children Openly Cardinal Giovanni Cibo lived a worldly life before the curia elected him Innocent VIII in 1484. Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, "Medici, Lorenzo de', detto il Magnifico", "Medici Money: Banking, Metaphysics, and Art in Fifteenth-Century Florence", "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pope Clement VII", "Alessandro de' Medici (1510–1537) • BlackPast", "Revisiting the renaissance with Assassin's Creed 2", "Who's who in 'Da Vinci's Demons' Season 2", "Daniel Sharman and Bradley James Join Netflix's 'Medici, "The Mouse that Michelangelo Did Carve in the Medici Chapel: An Oriental Comment to the Famous Article of Erwin Panofsky", Genealogical tables of the House of Medici, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lorenzo_de%27_Medici&oldid=998458000, 15th-century people of the Republic of Florence, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2018, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Contessina Beatrice de' Medici, died shortly after her birth on 23 September 1474. Cosimo had started the collection of books that became the Medici Library (also called the Laurentian Library), and Lorenzo expanded it. It s mainly because OF Alexander VI that the. Letters written by witnesses to Lorenzo's death report that he died peacefully after listening to the Gospel of the day. [24], Lorenzo rallied the citizens. When the Pope was absent from Rome, Lucrezia acted as his fill-in. The third season takes place a few months after the Pazzi conspiracy in 1478, lasting until the 1480s or early 1490s. He held the balance of power within the Italic League, an alliance of states that stabilized political conditions on the Italian peninsula for decades, and his life coincided with the mature phase of the Italian Renaissance and the Golden Age of Florence. September 1534 in Rom) aus der Familie der Medici war vom 18. Try our expert-verified textbook solutions with step-by-step explanations. The season looks at how Lorenzo the Magnificent shaped the Medici family and the city of Florence during a time of city-state feuds and war that drew in the … He is buried in the Medici Chapel in Florence. Pope Innocent VIII was born in 1432 and passed his youth at the Neapolitan court. Savonarola’s predictions were coming true, and an era of fatality had befallen Italy. [41] In 1531, Lorenzo's nephew Giulio di Giuliano – whom Lorenzo had raised as his own son, and later became Pope Clement VII – formalized Medici rule of Florence by installing Alessandro de' Medici the city's first hereditary duke. Bayezid II. Italy. Born into the prominent political and banking Medici family of Florence, Giovanni was the second son of Lorenzo de' Medici, ruler of the Florentine Republic, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1489. Charles VIII neverthelss. He was the son of the Roman senator, Aran Cibò, and Teodorina de' Mari. As a patron, he is best known for his sponsorship of artists such as Botticelli and Michelangelo. During what is known as the Little Ice Age , the grip of freezing weather, failing of crops, rising crime, and mass starvation resulted in an increasing fear of witches. Contessina (1478–1515) married Piero Ridolfi. The second son of Lorenzo the Magnificent, ruler of the Florentine Republic, he was elevated to the cardinalate in 1489.. Thus began an insurrection and secession from Florence, which involved putting to death several opposing citizens. The Medici can’t demand the payment without risking papal fury. Er wurde am 7. Alum had been discovered by local citizens of Volterra, who turned to Florence to get backing to exploit this important natural resource. Pope Innocent VIII : biography 1432 – 25 July 1492 In Rome he built for summer use the Belvedere of the Vatican, on an unarticulated slope above the Vatican Palace, which his successor would turn into the Cortile del Belvedere. Giuliano was killed, brutally stabbed to death, but Lorenzo escaped with only a minor wound to the neck, having been defended by the poet Poliziano. Toward the end of Lorenzo's life, Florence came under the influence of Savonarola, who believed Christians had strayed too far into Greco-Roman culture. Lorenzo's court included artists such as Piero and Antonio del Pollaiuolo, Andrea del Verrocchio, Leonardo da Vinci, Sandro Botticelli, Domenico Ghirlandaio and Michelangelo Buonarroti, who were instrumental in achieving the 15th-century Renaissance. He wrote, "I do not regret this for though many would consider it better to have a part of that sum in their purse, I consider it to have been a great honour to our state, and I think the money was well-expended and I am well-pleased."[31]. The latter holds the two monumental tombs of Lorenzo and Giuliano's less known namesakes: Lorenzo, Duke of Urbino, and Giuliano, Duke of Nemours. Lorenzo played a role in bringing Savonarola to Florence. The Signoria and councils of Florence issued a decree: Whereas the foremost man of all this city, the lately deceased Lorenzo de' Medici, did, during his whole life, neglect no opportunity of protecting, increasing, adorning and raising this city, but was always ready with counsel, authority and painstaking, in thought and deed; shrank from neither trouble nor danger for the good of the state and its freedom..... it has seemed good to the Senate and people of Florence.... to establish a public testimonial of gratitude to the memory of such a man, in order that virtue might not be unhonoured among Florentines, and that, in days to come, other citizens may be incited to serve the commonwealth with might and wisdom. 1467 wurde er Bischof von Savona und 1472 Bischof von Molfetta. Michelangelo lived with Lorenzo and his family for three years, dining at the family table and participating in discussions led by Marsilio Ficino. When Piero de Medici asked. 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